Business continuity is the process whereby a business continues to operate as close to normal as possible irrespective of the circumstances it finds itself in as a result of unexpected events. Put differently, Business continuity encompasses planning and preparation to ensure that an organization can continue to operate in case of serious incidents or disasters and is able to recover to an operational state within a reasonably short period. As such, business continuity includes three key elements and they are Resilience (the extent to operations are unaffected by relevant disruptions, for example through the use of redundancy and spare capacity), Recovery (the extent to which you can recover or restore business functions that fail for some reason) and Contingency (the extent to which you can effectively cope with whatever major incidents and disasters occur, including those that were not, and perhaps could not have been, foreseen.
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